Journée d'Action de Grâce -
Jeudi 23 Novembre 2017
Jour férié laïc : La fête remonte à 1621, soit un an après l'arrivée au Massachusetts des puritains résolus à pratiquer librement leur religion. Après un hiver très rude qui vit mourir la moitié d'entre eux, ils se tournèrent vers les tribus indiennes voisines qui leur apprirent à survivre, en particulier en mangeant de la dinde.
Jour de Noël -
Lundi 25 Décembre 2017
Catholique ou protestante : Since pre-historic times in Europe, festivities (bonfires, offrerings) were marking the beginning of longer hours of daylight with fires and ritual. The Roman festival of Saturnalia lasted several days in December (gambling and offerings). Germanic tribes also celebrated mid-winter (drinking and rituals). The Bulgarian (with Koleduvane) and the Polish (with Gwiazdka) perpetuate this tradition. Jesus of Nazareth was probably born in springtime (Reformists favour autumn). But in the 4th century, December 25th was chosen for the celebration of his birth by Pope Julius I (Bishop Liberus is also mentioned in 354 A.D.). Thus, a Christian element was introduced in the long-established mid-winter festivals. Before 1582, the Papal States and other Italian city states celebrated New Year’s Day on Christmas Day.